Stem, Outline and Wheat Stitch

Stem, Outline and Wheat Stitches

The Stem and Outline stitches are often background stitches in smocking. Simple to do, they don't often take center stage, but instead are usually used to complement other smocking stitches. The two stitches are mirror images of each other, and the difference between the two stitches is solely whether the thread is kept above or below the needle.